5 Chinese Mushroom Dishes Recipes

by Ella

Mushrooms, with their earthy flavors and unique textures, have been a staple in Chinese cuisine for centuries. From delicate enoki mushrooms to robust shiitakes, the world of Chinese-style mushroom cooking is a rich tapestry of flavors and techniques. In this extensive guide, we will delve into the art of preparing mushrooms Chinese style, exploring traditional methods, essential ingredients, and a myriad of recipes that showcase the versatility of these delectable fungi.

Understanding Mushroom Varieties

Before embarking on the culinary journey of preparing mushrooms Chinese style, it’s essential to familiarize oneself with the diverse array of mushrooms commonly used in Chinese cuisine. Here are some popular varieties:


1. Shiitake Mushrooms:

Renowned for their robust and meaty texture, shiitake mushrooms add depth and umami to Chinese dishes. They are often used in stir-fries, soups, and braised dishes.


2. Enoki Mushrooms:

With their long, slender stems and delicate caps, enoki mushrooms are prized for their mild flavor and crisp texture. They are commonly used in hot pots, stir-fries, and soups.


3. Wood Ear Mushrooms:

Wood ear mushrooms, also known as black fungus, have a unique crunchy texture and absorbent quality. They are featured in various cold salads, hot and sour soups, and stir-fries.


4. Oyster Mushrooms:

Oyster mushrooms have a tender and velvety texture, making them versatile in both vegetarian and meat-based dishes. They are excellent for stir-frying and sautéing.

5. King Trumpet Mushrooms:

Recognizable by their long, thick stems and small caps, king trumpet mushrooms have a meaty texture and mild flavor. They are often used in stir-fries and grilled dishes.

6. Maitake Mushrooms:

Also known as hen-of-the-woods, maitake mushrooms have a frilly appearance and a rich, earthy flavor. They work well in soups, stews, and braised dishes.

See Also: Mushroom: Benefits, Cooking Ways & 10 Most Popular Varieties

Essential Ingredients for Chinese-style Mushroom Cooking

To capture the authentic flavors of Chinese mushroom dishes, it’s crucial to stock up on key ingredients commonly used in Chinese cuisine. Here are some essentials:

1. Soy Sauce:

A fundamental seasoning in Chinese cooking, soy sauce adds depth and saltiness to mushroom dishes.

2. Oyster Sauce:

Oyster sauce contributes a rich and savory flavor to mushroom stir-fries and braised dishes.

3. Sesame Oil:

Toasted sesame oil imparts a nutty aroma and enhances the overall flavor of Chinese mushroom recipes.

4. Ginger and Garlic:

Fresh ginger and garlic are aromatic staples in Chinese cuisine, providing a fragrant base for mushroom dishes.

5. Shaoxing Wine:

This Chinese rice wine adds complexity and depth to marinades and sauces for mushroom dishes.

6. Cornstarch:

Used as a thickening agent, cornstarch helps create velvety sauces in stir-fries and braised mushroom dishes.

7. Green Onions:

Fresh green onions add a burst of freshness and color to mushroom dishes, serving as a garnish or incorporated into the cooking process.

Now that we’ve established the foundation, let’s explore various Chinese-style mushroom recipes and cooking techniques to elevate your culinary skills.

Chinese Mushroom Dishes Recipes

1. Stir-Frying Mushrooms Chinese Style

Stir-frying is a classic Chinese cooking technique that allows mushrooms to retain their distinct textures while absorbing the rich flavors of the seasonings. Here’s a step-by-step guide to stir-frying mushrooms Chinese style:


  • Assorted mushrooms (shiitake, oyster, enoki, etc.)
  • Soy sauce
  • Oyster sauce
  • Sesame oil
  • Ginger, minced
  • Garlic, minced
  • Green onions, chopped
  • Vegetable oil for stir-frying


Clean and trim the mushrooms as needed. For larger varieties like shiitake and oyster mushrooms, remove the stems and slice them into bite-sized pieces. For smaller varieties like enoki, leave them whole.

Place the wok over high heat and add vegetable oil. Allow the oil to heat until it shimmers.

Add minced ginger and garlic to the hot oil, stirring constantly to release their aromas.

Add the prepared mushrooms to the wok. Stir-fry for a few minutes until they start to release their moisture and become tender.

Drizzle soy sauce and oyster sauce over the mushrooms. Adjust the quantities based on personal taste preferences. Continue to stir-fry to ensure even coating.

Just before the mushrooms are fully cooked, add a splash of sesame oil for an extra layer of flavor.

Toss the mushrooms to evenly distribute the sesame oil.

Turn off the heat and sprinkle chopped green onions over the stir-fried mushrooms for a fresh and vibrant finish.

This simple stir-fry technique allows the natural flavors of the mushrooms to shine while incorporating the signature savory and aromatic elements of Chinese cuisine.

2. Braised Mushrooms Chinese Style

Braising is another traditional Chinese cooking method that imparts rich, savory flavors to mushrooms. Braised mushroom dishes are often characterized by a luxurious sauce that coats each mushroom, creating a harmonious blend of textures and tastes. Let’s explore a classic braised mushroom recipe:


  • Shiitake mushrooms, whole or halved
  • Wood ear mushrooms, soaked and sliced
  • Oyster mushrooms, torn into bite-sized pieces
  • Ginger, sliced
  • Garlic, minced
  • Soy sauce
  • Shaoxing wine
  • Sugar
  • Vegetable broth
  • Cornstarch slurry (cornstarch mixed with water)
  • Green onions for garnish
  • Sesame oil


Clean and prepare the mushrooms as needed. Keep shiitake mushrooms whole or halve them, slice soaked wood ear mushrooms, and tear oyster mushrooms into bite-sized pieces.

In a braising pan or deep skillet, sauté sliced ginger and minced garlic in a bit of vegetable oil until fragrant.

Add the prepared mushrooms to the pan and stir briefly to coat them in the aromatic ginger and garlic mixture.

Pour in soy sauce and Shaoxing wine to flavor the mushrooms. Adjust the quantities based on personal taste preferences.

Sprinkle sugar over the mushrooms and pour in vegetable broth until the mushrooms are partially submerged. The sugar adds a hint of sweetness to balance the savory flavors.

Bring the liquid to a simmer, then reduce the heat to low. Cover the pan and let the mushrooms braise until they are tender and have absorbed the rich flavors of the sauce.

To create a luscious sauce, stir in a cornstarch slurry. Gradually add the slurry while stirring continuously until the sauce thickens to your desired consistency.

Drizzle sesame oil over the braised mushrooms for a final touch of richness. Garnish with chopped green onions before serving.

Braised mushrooms Chinese style offer a delightful contrast of tender textures and savory flavors, making them a comforting and satisfying dish.

3. Chinese Hot Pot with Mushrooms

Chinese hot pot, known for its communal and interactive dining experience, provides a unique way to enjoy mushrooms. The hot pot broth infuses the mushrooms with rich flavors, creating a warming and comforting dish. Let’s explore how to prepare a Chinese hot pot with a focus on mushrooms:


  • Assorted mushrooms (enoki, shiitake, oyster, king trumpet, etc.)
  • Hot pot broth (vegetarian or meat-based)
  • Tofu, sliced
  • Napa cabbage, separated into leaves
  • Shimeji mushrooms, separated into clusters
  • Dipping sauces (soy sauce, sesame oil, garlic, etc.)


Clean and trim the assorted mushrooms, keeping them whole or slicing them as desired.

Arrange the hot pot on a portable stove or induction cooker. Fill it with the hot pot broth of your choice and bring it to a simmer.

Begin by placing a variety of mushrooms into the hot pot. Add sliced tofu, Napa cabbage leaves, and clusters of shimeji mushrooms. Allow them to simmer in the flavorful broth.

Hot pot cooking is interactive, with diners placing raw ingredients into the simmering broth and retrieving them once cooked. Mushrooms cook quickly, so monitor their tenderness and retrieve them with a strainer or chopsticks.

Prepare dipping sauces by combining soy sauce, sesame oil, minced garlic, and other preferred condiments. Dipping the cooked mushrooms into these sauces enhances their flavors.

Chinese hot pot with mushrooms offers a communal and customizable dining experience, allowing everyone to savor the rich flavors of the broth-infused fungi.

4. Mushroom Congee: A Comforting Chinese Breakfast

Congee, a traditional Chinese rice porridge, serves as a comforting and nourishing breakfast option. Adding mushrooms to congee introduces a savory element, creating a hearty dish that is both satisfying and easy to digest. Let’s explore how to prepare mushroom congee:


  • Rice, rinsed
  • Water or chicken broth
  • Shiitake mushrooms, sliced
  • Wood ear mushrooms, soaked and sliced
  • Ginger, julienned
  • Green onions, chopped
  • Soy sauce
  • Salt and white pepper to taste
  • Sesame oil


In a large pot, combine the rinsed rice with water or chicken broth. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat to a simmer.

Add sliced shiitake mushrooms, soaked wood ear mushrooms, and julienned ginger to the simmering rice. Allow the mushrooms to cook and the rice to soften.

Continue simmering the congee, stirring occasionally to prevent sticking. The rice will gradually break down and thicken the congee.

Season the congee with soy sauce for savory depth. Add salt and white pepper to taste, adjusting the flavors as needed.

Drizzle sesame oil over the congee just before serving to add richness and aroma. Garnish with chopped green onions for a burst of freshness.

Mushroom congee is a wholesome and soothing breakfast option, offering a delightful blend of flavors and textures to start the day.

5. Stuffed Mushrooms Chinese Style

Stuffed mushrooms are a versatile and elegant dish that can be served as an appetizer or part of a larger meal. Chinese-style stuffed mushrooms often feature a flavorful filling with a combination of meat, vegetables, and seasonings. Let’s explore a recipe for Chinese-style stuffed mushrooms:


  • Large white or cremini mushrooms, cleaned and stems removed
  • Ground pork or chicken
  • Shrimp, minced
  • Water chestnuts, finely chopped
  • Green onions, finely chopped
  • Ginger, minced
  • Garlic, minced
  • Soy sauce
  • Sesame oil
  • Oyster sauce
  • Cornstarch
  • Salt and white pepper to taste


Clean the mushrooms and remove the stems. Place the mushroom caps on a baking sheet, ready for stuffing.

In a mixing bowl, combine ground pork or chicken, minced shrimp, finely chopped water chestnuts, green onions, minced ginger, and minced garlic. Mix well.

Add soy sauce, sesame oil, oyster sauce, and a pinch of cornstarch to the filling mixture. Season with salt and white pepper to taste. Mix thoroughly to ensure even seasoning.

Spoon the prepared filling into each mushroom cap, pressing it down gently to create a compact and flavorful stuffing.

Depending on preference, bake the stuffed mushrooms in the oven until the filling is cooked and the mushrooms are tender. Alternatively, steam the stuffed mushrooms for a lighter and more delicate texture.

Arrange the stuffed mushrooms on a serving platter and garnish with additional chopped green onions. Serve with a dipping sauce made from soy sauce and a splash of sesame oil.

Chinese-style stuffed mushrooms offer a delightful combination of savory flavors and varied textures, making them a crowd-pleasing appetizer for any occasion.

See Also: 10 Classic Mushroom Recipes


Mastering the art of cooking mushrooms Chinese style opens up a world of culinary possibilities, from the simplicity of stir-fries to the comforting warmth of congee and the elegance of stuffed mushrooms. Embracing the diverse varieties of mushrooms available and understanding the essential techniques and ingredients in Chinese cuisine allows you to create dishes that are not only delicious but also deeply rooted in culinary tradition.

Whether you’re a seasoned home cook or a novice in the kitchen, experimenting with Chinese-style mushroom recipes provides a rewarding and flavorful experience. So, don your apron, gather your ingredients, and embark on a culinary adventure that celebrates the rich tapestry of Chinese mushroom cuisine.



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