Study Reveals Mediterranean Diet’s Impact on Gut Microbiome Diversity

by Ella

A recent study published in the journal Nutrients provides valuable insights into the relationship between the Mediterranean diet (MD) and gut microbiome diversity among healthy individuals. Researchers conducted a comprehensive cohort study to explore how adherence to the MD influences microbial composition and diversity, shedding light on its potential health benefits.

The Mediterranean diet, renowned for its nutrient-rich components such as whole grains, healthy fats, fruits, and vegetables, has long been associated with various health benefits, including improved cardiovascular health and reduced risk of metabolic disorders and certain cancers. In contrast, diets high in refined carbohydrates and fats have been linked to obesity and metabolic disturbances.


Recognizing the significant role of the gut microbiome in maintaining health and preventing disease, researchers aimed to investigate how adherence to the MD affects microbial communities. The study recruited healthy volunteers from Spain and assessed their adherence to the MD using a dietary quality index based on food-frequency questionnaires.


Analysis of stool samples revealed intriguing findings regarding microbial composition and diversity. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Actinobacteria emerged as dominant phyla, with genera such as Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides, and Faecalibacterium exhibiting abundance across different age groups.


Notably, adherence to the MD was associated with higher abundance of specific microbial genera, including Bacteroides and Paraprevotella. Furthermore, correlation analysis identified associations between dietary components and microbial diversity, highlighting the potential impact of dietary habits on gut health.


The study also uncovered differences in functional pathways related to lipid metabolism and biosynthesis processes among individuals with better adherence to the MD. These findings underscore the intricate interplay between diet, gut microbiota, and metabolic processes, suggesting that dietary interventions may hold promise for enhancing microbial diversity and promoting health.

While the study provides valuable insights, its small sample size and cross-sectional design warrant further investigation through longitudinal studies involving larger cohorts. Nevertheless, the findings contribute to our understanding of how the Mediterranean diet may exert beneficial effects on gut microbiome composition and diversity, paving the way for future research in this field.



Wellfoodrecipes is a professional gourmet portal, the main columns include gourmet recipes, healthy diet, desserts, festival recipes, meat and seafood recipes, etc.

【Contact us: [email protected]

Copyright © 2023